Aquatic therapy refers to treatments and exercises performed in water for relaxation, fitness, physical rehabilitation,and other therapeutic benefit. Applications of aquatic therapy benefits neurological disorders, spine pain, musculoskeletal pain, post operative orthopedic rehabilitation, pediatric disabilities but is not limited only to these conditions. (more)
Laser therapy is stimulation with low intensity light energy of natural healing processes in our body.
Laser in Physiotherapy uses red and infrared light at specific wavelengths and intensity which are known since 30 years to accelerate the cellular regeneration process. Laser uses low intensity light therapy (L.I.L.T.) for medical treatment and rehabilitation and it is not to be confused with high intensity laser which is used in laser surgery for tissue ablation.
During LASER Photons of light energy are absorbed selectively by injured cells, and transformed into biochemical energy in the mitochondria, which are the power plants within all cells. The converted energy stimulates production of new proteins needed for cellular repair of injured tendon, muscle, tendon, blood vessels and nerves. Just as plants absorb light to grow and repair, so do humans. (more)
Exercise therapy is a program of physical activities carried out in an effort to reach specific health goals. Â Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.
Exercise therapy enables a patient/client to return to normal musculoskeletal function or to decrease pain caused by injuries or other health problems. Exercise Therapy is a regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to work towards the restoration of normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain above and below the site of injury caused by diseases or injuries through neuro reeducation, gait training and therapeutic activities.It is highly repetitive and intensive in nature, requiring time and dedication on the part of the client to encourage neuroplasticity. The therapy is provided by professionals with an educational background in exercise science and exercise physiology. (more)
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) is a form of electrotherapy which makes use a of a convenient device that applies an electrical current through the skin to stimulate sensory nerves and trigger the release of endorphins, hormones with a pain relieving property that provide a natural and effective relief of chronic pain. TENS is actually quite a broad category describing a range of different techniques based on applying electrical stimulation through the skin, but within physiotherapy its use is generally focused on the relief of symptomatic pain, particularly in instances of chronic pain that isn’t being dealt with effectively by means of medication. (more)
The basic principle of Interferential Therapy (IFT) is to utilize the significant physiological effects of low frequency electrical stimulation of nerves without the associated painful and unpleasant side effects associated with low frequency stimulation. Interferential therapy utilizes two of these medium frequency currents, passed through the tissues simultaneously, where they are set up so that their paths cross & they interfere with each other. This interaction gives rise to an interference current (or beat frequency) which has the characteristics of low frequency stimulation in effect the interference mimics a low frequency stimulation. The exact frequency of the resultant beat frequency can be controlled by the input frequencies. If for example, one current was at 4000Hz and its companion current at 3900Hz, the resultant beat frequency would be at 100Hz, carried on a medium frequency 3950Hz amplitude modulated current. By careful manipulation of the input currents it is possible to achieve any beat frequency that you might wish to use clinically. Modern machines usually offer frequencies of 1-150Hz, though some offer a choice of up to 250Hz or more. To a greater extent, the therapist does not have to concern themselves with the input frequencies, but simply with the appropriate beat frequency which is selected directly from the machine. The magnitude of the low frequency interference current is (in theory) approximately equivalent to the sum of the input amplitudes. The resultant current will be stronger than either of the 2 input currents. The use of 2 pole IFT stimulation is made possible by electronic manipulation of the currents â€“ the interference occurs within the machine instead of in the tissues. A 4 pole application the interference is generated in the tissues and with a 2 pole treatment, the current is pre modulated i.e. the interference is generated within the machine unit (Ozcan et al, 2004). The treatment effect is generated from low frequency stimulation, primarily involving the peripheral nerves. Low frequency nerve stimulation is physiologically effective (as with TENS and NMES) and this is the key to IFT intervention. (more)
Obesity is defined as a disease process characterized by excessive body fat accumulation with multiple organ-specific consequences. Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems. (more)
Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Therapy, commonly known as PEMF, is energy medicine. Electromagnetic therapy is modeled after the earth’s own electromagnetic pulse to improve circulation and cell metabolism. Human bodies are alive because of electromagnetic exchanges between cells. Brain waves are measured with EEG tests and cardiac waves through EKG tests. When a person goes into cardiac arrest, a defibrillator is used to deliver a therapeutic dose of energy to the heart to restart it. PEMF therapy introduces a low frequency pulsed electro-magnetic field (PEMF) that recharges the cells of the body, allowing them to float freely, increasing their effective functioning surface area and consequently enhancing circulation, oxygenation and hydration. At the same time cellular ability to absorb nutrients and remove toxins from the body is greatly increased. When NASA sent its astronauts to live in space for extended periods of time, they realized the reduction in exposure to the earth’s magnetic field had an adverse health effect. To rectify this problem they researched the positive effects of PEMF. (more)