Musculoskeletal Disorders or MSDs are injuries and disorders that affect the human body’s movement or musculoskeletal system (i.e. muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves, discs, blood vessels, etc.).
To know more about the most common conditions following are some important links:
Head & Neck pain is a common problem, with two-thirds of the population having neck pain at some point during their lives. The top three joints in the neck allow for most movement of the neck and head. The lower joints in the neck and those of the upper back create a supportive structure for the head to sit on. If this support system is adversely affected, then the muscles in the area will tighten, leading to neck pain. May also caused by numerous other spinal problems. Neck pain may arise due to muscular tightness in both the neck and upper back, and pinching of the nerves emanating from the cervical vertebrae. Joint disruption in the neck creates pain, as does joint disruption in the upper back.
Shoulder joint is a complex joint that combine with muscles, tendon & other nearby joints in relation to allow a wide & smooth pain free range of motion. Any interference in its mobility can affects an individual’s daily activities by increasing problems with instability, impeachment & injuries to surrounding soft tissue or bony structures that results in pain and impaired full range of motion.
In recent studies overall prevalence of low back pain was found to be 42% & restricts mobility, interferes with normal functioning and results in lifelong pain and permanent disability.
There are various type of musculoskeletal disorders that interferes with the strength and balance function leading to Various Gait abnormalities
There are many neurological disorders that can be treated by physiotherapy like upper motor & lower motor neuron disease, balance, coordination traumatic brain injury etc. Some of the diseases information is liked below:
Paediatric Physiotherapists treat many conditions similar to those in general physiotherapy practice. However, there are many pathologies which are related almost entirely to children. Some of these may be recognised at birth, while others may become apparent later in the child’s development.
CVD means all the diseases of the heart and circulation. Fatty deposits in the arteries can cause a clot to form. Other may be due to any cut off in blood supply to the heart (resulting in a heart attack) or peripheral vessels.
Books for Reference